Having a horse is to have a great responsibility, even much more than having a fish, a dog, a cat or any other pet. These are animals need space to live, plenty of food and also a great deal of daily exercise to keep fit.
If you wonder what is the basic horse care, continue reading this article to discover the main needs that must cover to keep your horse healthy and strong.
The horse needs a shelter to sleep and protect it from inclement weather, such as wind, rain, sun and more. A typical three – sided shed is usually sufficient, provided it is large and allows the horse to fit without any problem. In addition, the shelter must always be a bed for the horse to rest and that is not always on a hard surface, which could cause some kind of injury. The most popular choice for the bed is a bed of straw since it is cheap and comfortable for the horse. Also, there are other options such as wood chips or hemp.
To properly care for the shelter, we must seize the time the horse is out and perform the following tasks:
- Remove twice daily manure to keep the horse clean and prevent any disease is generated because of this waste.
- Remove the bed so that it stays fresh and ventilate the deep end.
- Change of bed a couple of times a week.
- Clean the waterer and feeder for the horse twice a week to remove food residue.
- Paint a few times a year the shelter to disinfect and kill any bacteria that can live in them, since the painting eradicate.
Provide enough space
The horses love to gallop, feel free and enjoy a good pasture. Therefore, it is recommended to have at least approximately a hectare per horse so they can enjoy it all in a good space. This land must be fenced, as the horse could escape. And also, you should check whether there is any trash or items that could hurt the horse, as poisonous plants.
Always make sure that the fence has no holes, there is no problem with the grass and there is enough room for the horse to not feel overwhelmed and can feel free for a long time a day.
If we already have a horse, the first thing we think about is bathing him whenever necessary. There is no exact frequency. It depends on the physical exercise. Typically, if the horse has not done a great exercise, once a week eliminate all dirt ob him. Always make out of the barn to not wet it whole. And bath them in sunny days, we do not want to make them sick.
The bath must be performed correctly according to the following steps:
- Horsehair brush: Brush the sensitive parts of the horse. Two types of brushes differ: the brutal – short and soft to remove sweat, grease and dandruff hair and skin bristles; brush roots – long, thick and stiff bristles to remove debris adhered dry manure and mud.
- Weeder: to remove stuck or difficult-to-remove dirt. It is used in the most fleshy parts of the horse, like the neck and croup.
- Ayate: Maguey thread fabric that is used to remove dirt remaining after passing the Weeder.
- Flannel: Adds more shine to the horse ‘s coat.
- Sponge: Use it to clean your horse face, especially around the eyes, and genital area. Ideally, have two sponges, one for the face and another for the genitals.
- Comb mane: Used to untangle sparse manes. For horses with thick manes or tails, it is recommended only brushes.
- Scraper : to remove excess water after bathing or sweating.
Feeding the horses depends largely on the size, breed, age or physical activity they have, and even the climate or where they live. Still, it is normal that a horse needs about one kilo of food per day for every 45-46 kilos of weight, which would be about 10 kilos of food a day, approximately, for the horse of average weight.
They should eat two or three times a day and their diet is usually based on hay and grain. The ratio of hay and grain could be between 1-3 kilos of grain and about 7.5-10 kilos of hay a day, provided that the horse has a normal (horse ridden an hour each day) activity. The schedule in which eating should also be the same, avoiding change frequently. In addition, you must leave a space between the period of time allocated to physical activity and lunch, because your horse could sit you eat bad directly after finishing your ride or daily workload.
Besides food, they need lots of fresh, clean water . See that your bucket is always filled and put into some kind of support can prevent overturn, as it could be a tire. If the horse sick, you see that you have gained or lost weight much or any situation that you do not see regularly, consult your veterinarian to recommend you other power or examine well thoroughly to know the cause of these anomalies.
What about you other care you give your horse?
With care above you you can begin to perform the basic tasks of caring for your horse , but sure many of you have one to know or care little tricks that we have been or can be included to improve this guide. If you know any, you want to provide any feedback or have any questions in any of care, leave a comment and we will answer delighted.
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